Buying a cheap domain name does not limit your ability to be successful online. In fact, the hundreds of new domain extensions now available provides you with more opportunities to create a strong online presence. Choosing the right cheap domain can be a way to communicate your website’s purpose and your creativity, innovation, and even customer service to online visitors. A book club, for example, could use a .club domain name to bring members together online. Online stores might want to look into .shop, while IT firms should consider .tech domains. In short, there are NUMEROUS possibilities, and the smart selection of a cheap domain name can lead to creative marketing opportunities and strong user engagement.
When it comes to server operating systems, Linux is typically the default option. Still, some services offer a choice of Linux or Windows hosting. If you have specific server-side applications that require Windows, such as SQL Server or a custom application written in .NET, then you need to make sure your web host has Windows hosting. But don't let the idea of a Linux host intimidate you. Nowadays, most web hosts offer a graphical interface or a control panel to simplify server administration and website management. Instead of typing at the command line, you'll click easily identifiable icons.
By far the best Minecraft hosting I've used. Getting things up and running is generally very quick (having used them for two different servers) and anytime I have had issues of any kind the support staff has been very helpful in their discord. Harvey especially has been super helpful from the support team. All in all they've been awesome for me and issues are rare (and get resolved quickly when the pop up!).

On the topic of dedicated hosting, many web hosting services also offer managed hosting. This type of hosting sees the web host act as your IT department, handling a server's maintenance and upkeep. This hosting option is something that you'd typically find with dedicated servers, so it's a business-centric addition. Naturally, it adds a few bucks to the hosting cost, but nothing that should break the bank if you have the resources for a dedicated server.
CDNs not only help the stability of your website by distributing the traffic among different servers, they can also help to prevent cyber attacks. If a hacker tries to gain access to the cached version of the website from the server closest to them, your original content will remain untouched. HostPapa always aims to provide you with the best website hosting features to ensure your visitors are always pleased with your website.
Many web hosting services offer so-called unlimited or unmetered service for whatever amount of bandwidth, disk storage and sites you use. It's important to understand that most terms of service actually do limit the definition of "unlimited" to what's considered reasonable use. The bottom line is simple: if you're building a pretty basic website, unlimited means you don't need to worry. But if you're trying to do something excessive (or illegal, immoral or fattening), the fine print in the terms of service will trigger, and you'll either be asked to spend more or go elsewhere.
Almost all the services offer some sort of drag-and-drop website builder that makes it easy to drag and drop items to build your page. These are great for getting started, but they often lock you into the service. Most page builders are proprietary to the service, or don't create HTML that's portable enough to be easily moved to another service if you decide it's necessary.
With more than 2 million websites using BH, you know you are safe with the service. They offer you all there is you need, plus a whole bunch of other features. And whenever your website takes off and grows beyond expectation, you can instantly upgrade to a larger plan and keep your site running continuously. FYI, before you even begin, you would need a domain name. If you still do not have one, Bluehost offers you one for free. I told you these guys take care of your project in its entirety.

Enom is one of the leading domain name registrars providing both classing top-level domains (TLDs) and new domain extensions. Second top domain registrar after Godaddy, Enom has over 20 million domains under management worldwide. It offers integration with a number of other internet and website services including G Suite, Website Builder, SSL certificates etc.

Keeping aside what technical definitions say, you can call any domain company the ‘best domain registrar‘ if it provides top-level domains (TLDs –e.g.:  .com, .org, .info, .edu, .co, etc.) at the cost-effective price ensuring the best security. Similarly, simple user interface and dedicated customer support are the things that make a domain provider ‘a good service’.


I want to ask I’m a student and we will have an assignment in our school for next half year it’s my last year and this is project will decide my mark (grade). I want to make a blog and I don’t need any top-noch hosting for this. The site is potential going to be shut down after this project. So my question is do you recommend any of the hostings above. 

Web hosting services offer varying amounts of monthly data transfers, storage, email, and other features. Even how you pay (month-to-month payments vs. annual payments) can be radically different, too, so taking the time to plot exactly what your company needs for online success is essential. Many of these companies also offer reseller hosting services, which let you go into business for yourself, offering hosting to your own customers without requiring you to spin up your own servers.

As longtime website owners and hosting nerds, we've been asked often: "Which web host is your personal favorite?" We recently decided to take this question seriously — exhaustively testing accounts with all the best web hosting services to analyze their uptime, features, pricing, support, and more. So who do we believe offers the best web hosting? See below for our top reviews of 2020, conveniently broken out by category:
One thing we learned in reviewing the services listed here (and many more) is that even though the packages are very similar, they are not identical. Some are more security-focused than others, offering anti-spam and anti-malware tools. Others offer a variety of email marketing tools. While most of the hosts we've reviewed have built-in e-commerce, you may want to consider using a more-robust third-party online shopping cart application like Shopify instead.

With more than 2 million websites using BH, you know you are safe with the service. They offer you all there is you need, plus a whole bunch of other features. And whenever your website takes off and grows beyond expectation, you can instantly upgrade to a larger plan and keep your site running continuously. FYI, before you even begin, you would need a domain name. If you still do not have one, Bluehost offers you one for free. I told you these guys take care of your project in its entirety.
Hostingspell is a big fraud company. All the fraudsters are sitting there to grab customers hard earned money. I have gone through several Hostingspell reviews and saw all the positive reviews, then I purchased two hosting services from them and before purchase they told me that they have 7 days refund policy. After purchasing, my site was migrated and then I saw a third grade hosting performance. Their server remains down almost all the time. When contacted they replied 'Our upsilon server crashed due to high IO usage'. My live site remains down for several times in a day. Then I purchased 4x performance upgrade plan thinking that the issue can be resolved. But no improvement. Then I asked them to cancel the hosting and refund my money. Till then one of my hosting accounts has crossed 7 days but other didn't crossed even 48 hours. Their whatsapp agent told me that Refund is not available after 36 hours although they told me about 7 days refund policy. The intention is only deny the refund request. I will slap the agent if I got him in front of me. The fraud was clearly observed from the whatsapp chat. When contacting Sales support, they replied that after 7 days refund is not possible. Two agents of the same company told two different words. Now you think what's happening there. Please guys don't believe in their fake reviews. Don't go for cheap hosting companies. Don't waste your valuable money and time.
Previously use A2 windows server, but they had massive issue on their windows server, made my site down for 1 week and they were unable to recover my files and database. Very disappointed with them! I then moved to ASPHostportal. So far, their support are really good and server are very fast. I also purchased scheduled task addon to periodically backup my files. I don't want bad things happened again.
As you might expect with a cheap hosting plan, you can only operate one website on the Hatchling plan. And you won’t get a free domain name for a year, either. But we like the super-low pricing and the free transfers for new accounts within the first month after you’ve signed up. A 45-day money-back guarantee means that if you’re not happy with the service, you can cancel it.
Welcome to the CNET 2020 directory of web hosting services. In this directory, we'll look at a few of the best web hosting providers like Bluehost, A2Hosting, Hostinger, DreamHost, HostGator, InMotion Hosting and more. In this evaluation of the best web hosting providers, we're featuring commercial web hosting companies that offer WordPress, VPS, shared hosting and many more web hosting services, along with a variety of annual and monthly plans.     
When you sign up for SiteGround, you get a proactive chat from a live agent offering to call you, inquiring if you need any help setting everything up. Customer support includes tutorials, live chat, tickets, and phone calls. All are available 24/7 - and when you call on a Saturday night and get connected to an agent in 10 seconds, you know you're getting your money's worth.
While there are many components to a successful website, it all starts with web hosting. Ensuring that your web hosting company is a top rated, award winning industry leader is a good start to ensure online success! Hundreds of thousands of domains rely on our cutting-edge servers and green data centres to keep their sites running smoothly, and so can you. When you have the right web hosting company on your side, managing your website truly becomes that much easier. HostPapa is the Canadian web hosting company you can trust!

I want to ask I’m a student and we will have an assignment in our school for next half year it’s my last year and this is project will decide my mark (grade). I want to make a blog and I don’t need any top-noch hosting for this. The site is potential going to be shut down after this project. So my question is do you recommend any of the hostings above.
Buying a cheap domain name does not limit your ability to be successful online. In fact, the hundreds of new domain extensions now available provides you with more opportunities to create a strong online presence. Choosing the right cheap domain can be a way to communicate your website’s purpose and your creativity, innovation, and even customer service to online visitors. A book club, for example, could use a .club domain name to bring members together online. Online stores might want to look into .shop, while IT firms should consider .tech domains. In short, there are NUMEROUS possibilities, and the smart selection of a cheap domain name can lead to creative marketing opportunities and strong user engagement.
BigCommerce is a bit different from our other hosting plans in that it's a SaaS (software-as-a-service) provider instead of an IaaS (infrastructure-as-a-service) provider. In other words, rather than renting space on a virtual machine where you setup and configure your own site, BigCommerce provides you with an app you login to that creates and online store. 
No matter what you plan to build, TMDHosting is one of the best web hostings for your personal website. By the way, you sure do need to host your page somewhere to make it appear on the interweb. Instead of searching elsewhere, consider TMDHosting. Not only is it ridiculously cheap, the fully managed hosting rocks the latest technologies for the best performing websites out there. For your information, premium hosting starts at only $2.95 a month.
All of this infrastructure has been built out to support the a wide range of hosting services. The family-owned company gains points for understanding the importance of transaction security by offering free AutoSSL and Let's Encrypt SSL encryption for its plans. While the company offers sophisticated services for technically strong clients, it also has a Weebly web builder option to get you up and running quickly. 
Undoubtedly, pricing is the most important factor needing thorough study. Check into the pricing plans for the top-level domains (TLDs) in multiple domain registrars along with contract years, compare and pick the cheap (reasonable) one. Also check the cost of renewal, domain transfer fee, email accounts, WHOIS registration, privacy protection and other additional fees.
An ICANN-accredited domain registrar and a trusted hosting provider (included in our list of best WP hosting companies) DreamHost is proud of its 1.5 million sites using their services. As a true and dedicated domain provider, they offer 400+ domain extensions including general TLDs, new extensions and well as country-specific extensions. It offers brandable and attractive domain names at the cost-effective price for the aspiring businesses. Not just that, they offer various sales and discount offers to inspire new customers.
At the cost of only $1.45 a month, Hostinger offers you a complete solution for hosting one web site. Bear in mind, there are also two other plans available, but starting out, the Single Web Hosting package will be more than ideal for you. It offers you 10 GB disk space and 100 GB bandwidth along with weekly backups and 99% uptime guarantee. No need to question yourself where to find the best and the cheapest web host for your page, just go with Hostinger.
When you build a website, you want visitors to come and see what you've done. To get them there, you need a unique domain name that connects to your sites servers. Domain name registration is required to ensure that no one else in the world can claim ownership of your web site's address and to make finding your website simple. Find your one of a kind domain name.

Serving more than 15 million members, Bravenet provides a full-service hosting option for people looking for the complete package. In addition to a drag-and-drop site builder and unlimited storage, the Canadian company is one of the only free web hosters with an email marketing platform. Customers can also enjoy community-building features such as message boards, mailing lists, blogs, contact forms, polls, and other tools.


Every new page owner will be impressed by the grand web hosting for a personal website provider, SiteGround. Ideal for sites for creatives and even small businesses. SiteGround offers three shared hosting plans, StartUp, GrowBig and GoGeek. These are not the cheapest on the market, however, they aim to offer you premium features even when it comes to the entry level package.

Cloudways is, needless to say, a web hosting service which is focused on one thing only, cloud web hosting, hence the name. They offer a fully managed cloud hosting of which all plans have one fantastic feature: pay as you go. In other words, you only pay for the resources you need and nothing else. This makes it very user-friendly, for everyone to benefit from. Being the type of a hosting provider which focuses only on managed cloud hosting platform, it makes them one of the best at what they do. If you are looking for something else, Cloudways is not the host to go with. 

For many customers, possibly the most influential variable in evaluating a hosting service is cost. Cost can drive conversion, but cost can also cause you to make regrettable purchasing decisions. Don’t assume the cheapest option you can find is the best. Low cost can also mean low value, but not with the affordable hosts atop our recommendations list.
You could think of the sites that share your server as your roommates; there's really not that much separating you from them. Sure, you can close the bedroom door, but they can still cause nightmares for you in the kitchen and the bathroom. In web hosting terms, all the sites share a single server's resources, so huge traffic spike on Site A may impact the neighboring sites' performances. It's even possible that another site could take down the shared server altogether, if it crashed hard enough.
Why? Because word of mouth only gets you so far in the internet era. People discover new businesses—even local business—via Bing, Google, and Yahoo. The days when they'd just look you up in the yellow pages are long gone. If you don't have a sharable website address, your chances of building online word of mouth via social networking plummet, too. In other words, no website, no discoverability, no money. Of course, web hosting isn't just for businesses. You may want to host a personal website or blog, too. Either way, the services here have you covered.
If you buy multiple domain names on a regular basis, then we also encourage you to check out our Discount Domain Club. DDC gives you some of the lowest domain prices available – without waiting for a sale or offer to be sent your way. Club members can save up to 60% everyday on domain registration prices, and they get free access to our CashParking® (Premium plan), free membership to GoDaddy Auctions, and reduced pricing on our Domain Broker Service. The benefits add up quickly and make our already cheap domains even more economical.
This is a great effort, when you are talking about response time, it is ping response. Also, it would be a ping response on their primary site (which will usually give you 100% uptime). But, it depends on the response time of the shared Hosting server, where the websites are actually hosted - and what is the page load time. For instance, BlueHost on their primary website has 100% uptime and with a great response time. As soon as you get onto one of their servers, I have seen website page load time shoots up to over 30s.

When you build a website, you want visitors to come and see what you've done. To get them there, you need a unique domain name that connects to your sites servers. Domain name registration is required to ensure that no one else in the world can claim ownership of your web site's address and to make finding your website simple. Find your one of a kind domain name.


Keeping aside what technical definitions say, you can call any domain company the ‘best domain registrar‘ if it provides top-level domains (TLDs –e.g.:  .com, .org, .info, .edu, .co, etc.) at the cost-effective price ensuring the best security. Similarly, simple user interface and dedicated customer support are the things that make a domain provider ‘a good service’.

Previously use A2 windows server, but they had massive issue on their windows server, made my site down for 1 week and they were unable to recover my files and database. Very disappointed with them! I then moved to ASPHostportal. So far, their support are really good and server are very fast. I also purchased scheduled task addon to periodically backup my files. I don't want bad things happened again.

I recommend the OP remove 1 & 1 from this as well. I had a nearly similar experience with them, and I didn’t even use them for web hosting. While you are right in what happens with expiration, it is worth noting that 1&1 makes it as difficult as possible to transfer and *will* keep your domain after it expires. Once you’re in, you’re stuck and you’re at their mercy.
The web hosting provider offers solid plans with a good selection of features. The one area we're concerned about is how it presents its offers. Like many hosting providers, its published pricing is a bit misleading. You're not getting hosting for $2.96/mo unless you pay $71 for two years of service. Renewals are generally at a higher rate, although a salesperson we spoke to advised you ask for a "loyalty discount."
Unlock a whole new horizon of possibilities for yourself. Impress that new employer with a fabulous online resume and stand out from the crowd. Attract new clients with a gorgeous portfolio and offer your expertness to those in need. It does not require to have a complex website to win. A simple personal page will help you reach new levels of success.
If you're a WordPress user, Bluehost is definitely a web hosting provider to consider. While its managed WordPress hosting is a little more pricey than basic shared hosting, the company has both specific WordPress and WooCommerce hosting plans available (along with management support). It also offers a site migration service for an additional fee. 
Complete Internet Solutions is not like that. The price they quote is your locked-in price. In addition, they offer a free twelve months on top of your term. So, if you sign up for two years at $3.95 a month, you pay $94.80 for the two years, and then pay nothing for another year. If you choose to renew at the end of those three years, you can repeat that pricing program without a fee increase. This is how it should be done.

Shared hosting with Hostwinds has unlimited bandwidth and disk space. And this goes for all three of their packages, Basic, Advanced and Ultimate. That is why they are naming it Shared Unlimited Web Hosting. What all three plans offer is also a free dedicated IP address which not all hosting companies do. At least not in every plan they have in their portfolio. Hostwinds is definitely very unique in this regard. But there are other things they excel at, too. Like for example, the speed they offer you is lightning fast and support team amiable and trustworthy. Their tech support is at your service throughout the entire day.
HostGator has great shared plans ready for every individual, as well as exclusive WordPress packages. By being one of the leading hosting companies in the world, HostGator gives you a lot for your buck. Picking the cheapest option, their Basic shared plan is a flexible web hosting solution for a personal website. Like with every other plan, you get a free website builder, zero-cost page transfer and $200 marketing budget. You can use the latter with Google and Bing for a quick boost.
To revisit a familiar topic – it’s human nature to look for the best deal and it doesn’t get much better than free. That’s why the web hosting industry has jumped hard on the idea and run with it, becoming so jampacked with cheap and low cost options dangled in front of consumers like some kind of irresistible bait that it’s hard to sort them all out.
No matter what you plan to build, TMDHosting is one of the best web hostings for your personal website. By the way, you sure do need to host your page somewhere to make it appear on the interweb. Instead of searching elsewhere, consider TMDHosting. Not only is it ridiculously cheap, the fully managed hosting rocks the latest technologies for the best performing websites out there. For your information, premium hosting starts at only $2.95 a month.
The best web hosts on the market include these web builders in their service offerings. Some include popular existing site builders like Weebly, while other hosting teams have engineered their own platforms for website design and development. For example, 1&1 has 1&1 MyWebsite, and InMotion’s BoldGrid sits atop WordPress for a more intuitive experience, whether you’re building your first site or your fourteenth.
Many web hosting services offer a low "starting price," but require you to prepay for two or three years of service to get that price. After the promotional period, the renewal price for some web hosting services can be two, three, or even four times the initial promotional pricing. While the initial deal might be incredible, the cost of transferring your site (or paying the added fee) in a couple of years may be something to consider.
The best web hosting service right now is Bluehost. Based in Utah, Bluehost is the preferred partner for WordPress, the world's favourite website builder. This service does a great job of balancing price and features for less experienced businesses, while offering lots of options for more advanced users. Its shared hosting packages start with a very reasonable 'basic' plan, targeted at home users.
Starting low, you will get a solid hosting solution for your single page with StartUp. With 10 GB of web space and up to 10,000 monthly visits, your freshly crafted website or a small existing page get all the crucial hosting features. Your data is stored on SSD drivers to achieve the fastest loading speeds possible. Free site transfer and setup, free daily backups and even free SSLs, all this is what comes with the StartUp.
When you need help, you can expect the best from us. For five years in a row, GoDaddy has won a Stevie Award for Customer Service. The international awards competition is based on Customer Net Promoter Scores (NPS), which consistently rank our customer care among the best on earth. In addition to phone support, we also offer an exhaustive collection of help articles on every conceivable topic.
Undoubtedly, pricing is the most important factor needing thorough study. Check into the pricing plans for the top-level domains (TLDs) in multiple domain registrars along with contract years, compare and pick the cheap (reasonable) one. Also check the cost of renewal, domain transfer fee, email accounts, WHOIS registration, privacy protection and other additional fees.
Before we launch into our buying guide, you should know the three different categories on offer: shared web hosting (a good basic option if you're on a budget), VPS hosting (more flexible) and dedicated servers (for those running a bigger operation and in need of something more capable). If you're not sure which is the best level for you, you’ll find a detailed explanation of the different tiers at the bottom of this guide. It's also worth bearing in mind that you need to pick something that's going to be able to grow and scale up with you.
Often overlooked is the idea that these companies (the credible ones anyway) want your business for the long haul, and they know you will judge them on the quality of their free and basic plans. As we’ve mentioned, they want you to eventually upgrade into higher price points but know they’re going to have to deliver the goods at the free level first.

Shared hosting is web hosting in which the provider houses multiple sites on a single server. For example, Site A shares the same server with Site B, Site C, Site D, and Site E. The upside is that the multiple sites share the server cost, so shared web hosting is generally very inexpensive. In fact, you can find an option for less than $10 per month.

Before we launch into our buying guide, you should know the three different categories on offer: shared web hosting (a good basic option if you're on a budget), VPS hosting (more flexible) and dedicated servers (for those running a bigger operation and in need of something more capable). If you're not sure which is the best level for you, you’ll find a detailed explanation of the different tiers at the bottom of this guide. It's also worth bearing in mind that you need to pick something that's going to be able to grow and scale up with you. 

Almost all the services offer some sort of drag-and-drop website builder that makes it easy to drag and drop items to build your page. These are great for getting started, but they often lock you into the service. Most page builders are proprietary to the service, or don't create HTML that's portable enough to be easily moved to another service if you decide it's necessary.
Hosting specifically tailored to your needs and requirements, A Small Orange is the perfect solution for your personal website. They follow one single rule which makes sure you pay only for the resources that you need and nothing more. While they are on the raise, ASO is keeping things very personal. Hence they might be one of the best options for you from the list. Notice that A Small Orange is not the cheapest option but all for a good reason. Either you go with the cheapest shared plan or WordPress exclusive, you will pay at around $5 per month.
One stop shopping for getting a website up and running - get the name, register it, build the site and they host it, all in one spot. The builder tool is amazingly easy to use - so much easier than any of the others I have used! You get to do all the fun parts, and they take care of all the drudgery in the background. Great help videos and articles, and their phone customer support is just amazing - really nice peeps who know what they are doing, and take the time to make sure your tangles are straightened. Brilliant all the way around.
Undoubtedly, pricing is the most important factor needing thorough study. Check into the pricing plans for the top-level domains (TLDs) in multiple domain registrars along with contract years, compare and pick the cheap (reasonable) one. Also check the cost of renewal, domain transfer fee, email accounts, WHOIS registration, privacy protection and other additional fees.
The company's entry-point pricing is extremely low, and while this will buy you up to three years of very low-cost hosting, do be aware that its post-promotion price will increase substantially, putting its subsequent year pricing more in line with the rest of its competitors. That said, we liked its 24/7 phone customer support, SSD support on some plans and 30-day money-back guarantee.

In particular, Web Hosting Hub uses BoldGrid as a site builder. BoldGrid is actually an add-on to WordPress, so there's no lock-in. This overcomes the major problem of most site builders: you're locked into that host and that tool, often requiring you to completely rebuild your site if you want to expand. By using a WordPress-based solution, all of the rather considerable power of WordPress is available for future expansion.

To sweeten the deal, all of InMotion's plans come with a ton of great free features that other services might charge extra for – think malware and DDoS protection, basic backups, 'spam-safe' email and a WordPress-based website builder (if you're looking at WordPress options specifically, take a look at our dedicated guide to the best WordPress hosting services).
When you need help, you can expect the best from us. For five years in a row, GoDaddy has won a Stevie Award for Customer Service. The international awards competition is based on Customer Net Promoter Scores (NPS), which consistently rank our customer care among the best on earth. In addition to phone support, we also offer an exhaustive collection of help articles on every conceivable topic.

When it's time to set up shop, look for a web host that offers the aforementioned dedicated servers, as well as advanced cloud server platforms (such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud), custom server builds should you need it, and 24/7 customer support. Depending on your business' focus, you may need a web host that can handle pageviews or visitors that rank in the high thousands or millions. Many busy hosting plans offer an onboarding specialist that can help you get started, too.
I used godaddy for a few years but grew tired of constant price hikes not to mention how difficult it was to edit my site. My site was deleted when I canceled my subscription and I can’t use my web site name unless I want to fork over almost $200. I don’t need online ordering as I’m a small home bakery, I don’t need one email address let alone 10, I just want an online presence so customers can find me. However, I want to be sure I’m buying something I can work with easily. Any suggestions?
Shared hosting is web hosting in which the provider houses multiple sites on a single server. For example, Site A shares the same server with Site B, Site C, Site D, and Site E. The upside is that the multiple sites share the server cost, so shared web hosting is generally very inexpensive. In fact, you can find an option for less than $10 per month.
At IONOS, we always strive to offer our products at competitive price levels - for all customers. However, due to the sheer size of our product portfolio, we cannot guarantee to have the best price available for all products, all the time. Instead, we focus on a selected range of domain extensions which are frequently sought after by our customers, such as a .com, and provide those domain names to you using a very aggressive price point.

No matter what you plan to build, TMDHosting is one of the best web hostings for your personal website. By the way, you sure do need to host your page somewhere to make it appear on the interweb. Instead of searching elsewhere, consider TMDHosting. Not only is it ridiculously cheap, the fully managed hosting rocks the latest technologies for the best performing websites out there. For your information, premium hosting starts at only $2.95 a month.


Rather than storing data on physical servers, cloud customers are hosted on a connected network of virtual machines. The service is software-independent and perfect for folks who benefit from high availability and on-demand, pay-as-you-go resources. Ranked #1 for cloud-based VPS hosting, InMotion offers performance-enhancing SSDs, free data backups, and managed server options.
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